Dmitriy Ivanovich Mendeleev (1834-1907) is best known for devising the Periodic Table of Chemical Elements.
He loved to play chess, among other games, and correspondence chess too. A beautiful but hard chess problem follows from him from July 4, 1889, white mates in two:
1Rr1N3/3p2PK/8/8 w - - 0 1
White mates in two!