Born in 1836 in Prague, world champion between 1866 and 1894.
He laid down the base of positional game, therefore he is known as the founder of the modern chess. No doubt, Steinitz has opened a new chapter in the history of the game. Because of his careness, efforts for the economical play, the great attackers of his age (Chigorin, Gunsberg) have lost in order. His approach was not appreciated by the age he lived in. Players didn't take too much care of the pawn, the structure of the game, opposing to Steinitz, who probably took too much care of these.
On the first official world championship, in 1886 in New York and in St. Luis, Steinitz played 10:5 with 5 draws against the Polish Johannes Hermann Zukertort. He defended his title against Isidor Gunsberg, and twice against Mihail Chigorin too. Then lost it in 1894 against Emanuel Lasker in the final.
Finished his life in 1900 in New York in a mental hospital.
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The PGN format is a standard way to describe a chess game.
It contains players' data such as names, ratings, country codes, the date, and site of the game, and contains the moves also that have been taken in the game, and the result of the game also.
The game can be in progress too, in this case its result is "*", later it usually changes to "1-0", "0-1" or "1/2-1/2".
Please find the detailed description of the PGN format here.
The server understands the PGN format, it can send and receive moves in this format.
Many softwares use this format to exchange games, those too which are used by correspondence chess players to play their games, such as ECTool, or Mailchess (more on the Links page).
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